This section will provide more information about what cookies are, how we use them, and how you can manage them both on our site and on other sites for the most enjoyable online experience.
Cookies: what they are and how they work
The information presented below is intended to inform the users about the placement, use, and administration of cookies by idest-vr.com website.
Please read the following information carefully:
This website uses its own cookies and third party cookies in order to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services tailored to the needs and interests of each user.
Customizing certain settings like: the language in which the site is viewed, date and time, keeping the options/settings (including saving them) and keeping older preferences by accessing different buttons/functions.
Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by visitors so they can make them even more effective or more accessible to users.
They allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be embedded in certain pages to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience.
What is a cookie?
An ‘Internet Cookie’ (also known as ‘browser cookie’ or ‘HTTP cookie’ or simply ‘cookie’) is a small file with letters and numbers that will be stored on the computer, mobile device or any other type of device of a user accessing the Internet.
The cookie is sent via a request of the web server hosting the site to the user’s browser (e.g: Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, etc.) and is completely ‘passive’, namely it does not contain any software, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive.
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or the cookie value, and is uniquely associated with the domain hosting the site which sent the cookie to the user’s browser. Furthermore, the lifetime of a cookie is determined and only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again, and only when the user returns to the site associated with that web server.
Cookies will not require personal information to be used and cannot personally identify Internet users.
There are two main categories of cookies:
Session cookies – are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder until the user leaves the site or closes the browser window.
Persistent cookies – are stored in the computer or the hard of a device for a longer period of time, and remain stored even after the user leaves the site or closes the web browser (and generally depend on the default cookie lifetime).
Persistent cookies include cookies placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which may be used anonymously to save the interests of a user in order to deliver the most relevant advertising for that user.
Benefits of cookies
A cookie contains information that links a browser (user) and a specific web server (site). If a browser accesses that web server again, the web server can read the already stored information and respond accordingly.
Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many sites to provide user-friendly services. Examples – online privacy preferences, site language options, or relevant advertising, etc.
Lifetime of a cookie
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which the cookie is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (‘session cookies’) and are no longer retained once the user has left the site, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that site (‘permanent cookies’).
However, cookies can be deleted by the user any time through browser settings.
Cookies placed by third parties
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided by third parties/vendors (e.g. news box, video or ad). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called ‘third party cookies’ because they are not placed by the owner of that site. Third-party vendors must also comply with the applicable law and the site owner’s privacy policies.
During a visit on this site, cookies can be placed for the following purposes:
Site performance cookies
Visitor analysis cookies
Cookies for registration or authentication
Third party cookies
This type of cookies will retain the user’s preferences on this site, so re-setting preferences for later site visits is no longer required.
Visitor analysis cookies
Every time a user visits this site, the analytics software provided by a third party generates a user analysis cookie. This cookie will tell us if you have visited this site so far. The browser checks if this cookie exists and if not, it generates a new cookie. This allows monitoring of unique users who visit the site and how often they do it.
This cookie cannot be used to identify individuals, but for statistical purposes only.
Cookies for registration or authentication
When you sign up or log in on this site, a cookie will be generated informing us if you are registered or not. Our server uses these cookies to identify the account you use to register and whether you have been granted the necessary permissions for a particular service or for accessing certain sections of the site. The cookie will also allow to associate the comments you post on the site with your account username. If you have not selected ‘keep me logged in’, this cookie will be deleted automatically when you close your browser or computer.
Third party cookies
Third parties can set their own anonymous cookies on some pages, in order to track the success of an ad/app or customize an app. Due to its use, this site cannot access such cookies, just as third parties cannot access the cookies owned by this site.
Third-party online advertising
Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyse how many people viewed an ad, or to see how many people have repeatedly viewed a particular ad.
The companies that generate such cookies have their own privacy policies and this site does not have access to such cookies. Third-party cookies are used to show you advertising targeted on other sites as well, relying on your navigation on this site and your preferences.
Information stored and accessed through cookies
Cookies store information in a small text file allowing a site to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.
The cookie stores important information that enhances the Internet browsing experience. E.g: language settings to access a site, keeping a user logged in to a member account or e-mail account, online security, keeping and saving certain settings, etc.
Importance of Cookies for the Internet
Cookies are the focus of the Internet efficient operation, helping to create a friendly browsing experience, tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites impossible to use.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising, but that such ad will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your previous browsing behaviour.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user in a particular account):
Content and services tailored to user’s preferences – news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
Offers tailored to the users’ interests – password retention, language preferences (e.g. displaying search results in Romanian).
Retaining child protection filters for Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
Ad frequency capping – limiting the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site.
Providing relevant advertising for the user.
Measurement, optimization, and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a site, what kind of content is viewed more often, and how a user reaches the site (e.g, through search engines, directly, from other sites, etc.). Sites run these analyses of their use to improve performance for the benefit of the user.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies MUST NOT be confused with viruses! They use a plain text format. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed and cannot auto-run. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Since they cannot perform such functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies may still be used for negative purposes. Since they store information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a specific site and on several other sites, cookies may be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this risk and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus/anti-spyware removal/scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, period of validity, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security aspects related to cookies
Considering that identity protection is very important and it is the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know the potential issues that may arise in connection with cookies. Since information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the site through cookies, if an attacker or unauthorized person interferes with the data transmission path, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very uncommon, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g.: an unsecured Wi-Fi network).
Other cookie-based attacks are caused by wrong settings of cookies on servers.
If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers may use this vulnerability to mislead browsers to send information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information for the purpose of unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based browsing.
Here are a few tips that can help you navigate without worries when using cookies:
Customize your cookie-related browser settings to configure a comfortable level of security.
If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set long expiration dates to store your browsing history and personal access data.
If you share access to your computer, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser; this is the option to access sites that place cookies and delete any visitor information when closing the navigation session.
Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include site attacks detection which prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
Make sure your browser is always up-to-date.
Many of the cookie-based attacks are performed by exploiting the weaknesses of old browser versions.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet, local or international. With a clear understanding of how cookies operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can safely surf the internet.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites non-operational or difficult to visit and use. Also, if you refuse to accept cookies does not mean you will no longer receive or see online advertising.
You can configure your browser to reject cookies, or you can set your browser to accept cookies only from a certain site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually displayed in your browser ‘Options’ or ‘Preferences’ menu or you can use the browser ‘Help’ option for more details.
The following links may be useful to understand the settings, otherwise you can use the browser ‘Help’ option for more details.
IAB Romania provides the following website to learn more about online advertising privacy: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/
If you want to learn more about cookies and how to use them, you can access the EU’s official website on cookies at: http://ec.europa.eu/cookies/index_en.htm